XHTML Tips And Tricks
A few tips that can help you create correct and effective XHTML documents.
Tips for Designing XHTML Document
Some basic guidelines for designing XHTML documents:
Design for Serving and Engaging Your Audience
The document must be effective so that it is easy to find the information you need within the document.
Reuse Your Document
Reusing previously created documents as the basis for new documents.
Inside the XHTML Document
Some suggestions concerning the elements within the XHTML document
The XML Declaration
An XML declaration is not required in all XHTML documents, but authors of XHTML documents are strongly encouraged to use XML declarations in all their documents. Such a declaration is required when the document's character encoding is different from the default UTF-8 or UTF-16.
They include a space before the trailing
> of empty elements. For example,
<hr />, and
<img src="/html/xhtml.gif" alt="xhtml" />.
Embedded Style Sheets and Scripts
Use external style sheets if your style sheet uses
Use external scripts if your script uses
Line Breaks within Attribute Values
Avoid line breaks and multiple whitespace characters within attribute values. These are handled inconsistently by different browsers.
Do not include more than one
isindex element in the document header. The
isindex element is deprecated in favor of the input element.
The lang and xml:lang Attributes
Use both the lang and xml:lang attributes while specifying the language of an element. The value of the xml:lang attribute takes precedence.
XHTML 1.0 has deprecated the name attributes of the
map elements. They will be removed from XHTML in later versions. Therefore, start using the id element for element identification.
Using Ampersands in Attribute Values
The ampersand character (
&) should be presented as an entity reference &.
Whitespace Characters in HTML and XML
Some characters that are legal in HTML documents are illegal in the XML document. For example, in HTML, the form-feed character (U+000C) is treated as white space; in XHTML, because of XML's character definition, it is illegal.
Named Character Reference &Apos;
The reference to the name character
' (the apostrophe, U+0027) was introduced in XML 1.0 but does not appear in HTML. Web developers should therefore use
' instead of
' to function as intended in HTML 4 web browsers.