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There are many differences between HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language) and XML (eXtensible Markup Language).

A comparison is made in the table below:

HTML is used to display data and focuses on how data looks.XML is a software and hardware independent tool used to transport and store data. It focuses on what data is.
HTML is a markup language itself.XML provides a framework to define markup languages.
HTML is not case sensitive.XML is case sensitive.
HTML is a presentation language.XML is neither a presentation language nor a programming language.
HTML has its own predefined tags.You can define tags according to your need.
In HTML, it is not necessary to use a closing tag.XML makes it mandatory to use a closing tag.
HTML is static because it is used to display data.XML is dynamic because it is used to transport data.
HTML does not preserve whitespaces.XML preserve whitespaces.