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Sass: Variables Default Values

Normally when you assign a value to a variable, if that variable already had a value, its old value is overwritten.

Default Values

But if you’re writing a Sass library, you might want to allow your users to configure your library’s variables before you use them to generate CSS.

To make this possible, Sass provides the !default flag. This assigns a value to a variable only if that variable isn’t defined or its value is null. Otherwise, the existing value will be used.

Configuring Modules

Variables defined with !default can be configured when loading a module with the @use rule. Sass libraries often use !default variables to allow their users to configure the library’s CSS.

To load a module with configuration, write @use <url> with (<variable>: <value>, <variable>: <value>). The configured values will override the variables’ default values. Only variables written at the top level of the stylesheet with a !default flag can be configured.

// _library.scss
$black: #000 !default;
$border-radius: 0.25rem !default;
$box-shadow: 0 0.5rem 1rem rgba($black, 0.15) !default;

code {
border-radius: $border-radius;
box-shadow: $box-shadow;

// style.scss
@use 'library' with (
$black: #222,
$border-radius: 0.1rem